Parasitic and Stinging Wasps

The Parasitoid Wasps, often referred to as “Parasitica” or “Apocrita,” represent a diverse group of Hymenopterans, including several species-rich groups, such as the Superfamily Chalcidoidea with over 500,000 taxa, as well as perhaps the most species-rich animal family known, the Ichneumonidae with an estimated 100,000 taxa worldwide.  Parasitoidism evolved early in the Hymenopterans, over 250 million years ago during the Permian period.  These early ancestors gave rise to the diversity of lifestyles and morphologies now found through the Order, for example the Stinging Wasps (Aculeata), Ants (Formicidae), Bees and Sphecoid Wasps (Apoidea).  It was the evolution of a stinger that led to the great diversity of wasps, bees, and other stinging hymenopterans that most people associate with this Order.  The ovipositor evolved into a stinger that is used to deliver venom, rather than lay eggs, thus giving these stinging insects a new weapon to protect themselves.  The Stinging Wasps includes many diverse groups such as the Vespidae, which are predatory wasps (Vespidae), and the superfamily Chrysidoidea, all of which are parasitoids or cleptoparasitic.

All taxa on this list are represented by a specimen; most are housed in the GMDRC museum collection or at the UC Riverside Entomology Museum. Each scientific name is linked to a profile page on the Iowa State University BugGuide. To learn more about the species, click on the double arrow (⇒) to the right of the scientific name; this will take you to the Encyclopedia of Life website where you can explore range maps and photos of live or pinned specimens. This list can be downloaded as a pdf (coming soon!).

PARASITIC WASPS

Megaspilidae
Conostigmus sp.  
Dendrocerus sp.  
Trichosteresis sp.  
Ichneumonidae
Enicospilus sp.  
Eremotylus sp.  
Glypta sp.  
Ophionellus sp.  
Platygastridae
Gryon sp.  
Idris sp.  
Psix tunetanus
Sparasion sp.  
Telenomus sp.  

Ceraphronidae
Aphanogmus sp.  
Ceraphron sp.
Braconidae
Bracon sp.  
Crassomicrodus muesebecki  
Homolobus sp.  
Microctonus sp.  
Mirax sp.  
Diapriidae
Belyta sp.  
Psilus nr. inaequalifrons
Trichopria sp.

CHALCID WASPS

Aphelinidae
Coccobius sp.  
Encarsia sp.  
Chalcididae
Anthochalcis nigricans
Brachymeria aeca  
Dirhinus sp.  
Haltichella rhyacioniae  
Hockeria burksi  
Hockeria hainesi  
Hockeria micra  
Psilochalcis sp.  
Encyrtidae
Isodromus sp.  
Saera sp.  
Acerophagus sp.  
Aenasius sp.  
Anagyrus sp.  
Ceraptroceroideus sp.  
Cheiloneurus sp.  
Copidosoma sp.  
Formicencyrtus sp.  
Pseudleptomastix sp.  
Zarhopalus sp.  
Eupelmidae
Brasema sp.  
Eusandalum sp.  
Metapelma sp.  
Eurytomidae
Bruchophagus sp.  
Eurytoma sp.  
Rileya cecidomyiae  
Tenuipetiolus sp.  
Mymaridae
Erythmelus sp.  
Gonatocerus sp.  
Polynema sp.  
Torymidae
Cryptopristus sp.  
Ditropinotus sp.  
Microdontomerus sp.  
Podagrion sp.  
Pseuderimerus sp.  
Pseudotorymus sp.  
Torymus sp.  
Eulophidae
Aprostocetus sp.  
Aulogymnus sp.  
Baryscapus sp.  
Chrysocharis sp.  
Cirrospilus coachellae  
Closterocerus maculatus  
Euderus sp.  
Euplectrus sp.  
Galeopsomyia sp.  
Hyssopus sp.  
Neochrysocharis arizonensis
Omphale orilata  
Paragaleopsomyia sp.  
Paraolinx sp.  
Quadrastichus solidaginis  
Sympiesis sp.  
Zagrammosoma americanum  
Zagrammosoma multilineatum  
Pteromalidae
Asaphes sp.  
Caenocrepis sp.  
Catolaccus sp.  
Cleonymus sp.  
Epistenia odyneri  
Eunotus sp.  
Gastrancistrus sp.  
Halticopterina sp.  
Heteroschema sp.  
Lyrcus justicia  
Lysirina polychroma  
Mesopolobus sp.  
Norbanus sp.  
Pachyneuron sp.  
Pseudocatolaccus sp.  
Psilocera sp.  
Pteromalus sp.  
Signiphoridae
Signiphora sp.  
Thysanus sp.
Trichogrammatidae
Lathromeris sp.  
Oligosita sp.  
Trichogramma sp.  


STINGING WASPS

Bethylidae (Flat Wasps)
Goniozus gracilicornis  
Dryinidae (Dryinids)
Gonatopus frequens  
Chyphotidae (Chyphotid Wasps)
Chyphotes sp.  
Tiphiidae (Tiphiid Wasps)
Acanthetropis noctivaga
Brachycistina acuta
Brachycistis sp.  
Colocistis brevis  
Colocistis castanea  
Paratiphia sp.  
Quemaya sp.
Mutillidae (Velvet Ants)
Dasymutilla arenivaga  
Dasymutilla atricauda  
Dasymutilla coccineohirta
Dasymutilla gloriosa  
Dasymutilla magnifica  
Dasymutilla satanas  
Dasymutilla sp.  
Pseudomethoca bequaerti
Sphaeropthalma blakeii  
Pompilidae (Spider Wasps)
Aporinellus sp.  
Pepsis grossa  
Pepsis pallidolimbata  
Pepsis thisbe  
Thynnidae (Flower Wasps)
Myzinum sp.  
Chrysididae (Cuckoo Wasps)
Argochrysis sp.  
Argochrysis toralis
Caenochrysis tridens  
Ceratochrysis sp.  
Chrysis sp.  
Elampus nitidus  
Hedychridium sp. 
Holopyga horus  
Holopyga ventralis  
Omalus butleri  
Omalus glomeratus  
Parnopes concinnus
Parnopes fulvicornis
Parnopes sp.  
Vespidae (Yellowjackets and Hornets, Paper Wasps; Potter, Mason and Pollen Wasps)
Dolichodynerus sp.  
Eumenes bollii  
Euodynerus pratensis  
Euodynerus sp.  
Euparagia sp.  
Euparagia unidentata n. sp.
Leptochilus sp.  
Leucodynerus sp.  
Microdynerus sp.  
Parancistrocerus sp.  
Pterocheilus sp.  
Stenodynerus sp.  
Vespula pensylvanica  

PHOTO GALLERY