Rare Vertebrate Animals

The list of vertebrates taxa below are of conservation concern and represent a subset of the species known to occur on or near the Granite Mountains.  The table includes rarity status information gleaned from the California Natural Diversity Database maintained by the California Department of Fish & Wildlife (CDFW), which compiles information from a variety of sources in order to create a list of CA taxa deserving some protection.  To learn more about these species, the Common Name is linked to the NatureServe Explore website, where you can learn more about conservation status of the species.  The scientific names are linked to pertinent websites where you can discover additional fun facts about these animals.  Birds marked with an asterisk (*) are considered rare migrants or vagrants in the region.  A printable list is available here (coming soon!).

Common Name Scientific Name NatureServe IUCN Rarity Status
REPTILES
Desert tortoise Gopherus agassizii  G3/S2S3 VU ESA: FT/ST
Mojave fringe-toed lizard Uma scoparia G3G4/S3S4 LC BLM: S; CDFW: SSC
MAMMALS
Fringed myotis Myotis thysanodes G4/S3 LC BLM: S; WBWG: H
Western Small-footed Myotis Myotis ciliolabrum G5/S3 LC BLM: S; WBb WG: M
Western Long-eared Myotis Myotis evotis G5/S3 LC BLM: S; WBWG: M
Hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus G5/S4 LC WBWG: M
Pocketed free-tailed bat Nyctinomops femorosaccus G4/S3 LC CDFW: SSC; WBWG: M
Desert Bighorn Sheep Ovis canadensis nelsoni G4T4/S3 BLM: S; CDFW: FP
BIRDS
Osprey Pandion haliaetus G5/S4 LC CDFW: WL
Northern Harrier Circus hudsonius G5/S3 LC CDFW: SSC
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus G5/S4 LC CDFW: WL
Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii G5/S4 LC CDFW: WL
Swainson’s Hawk Buteo swainsoni G5/S3 LC ESA: ST; BLM: S; USFWS: BCC
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis G4/S3S4 LC CDFW: WL; USFWS: BCC
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos G5/S3 LC BLM: S; CDFW: FP, WL; USFWS: BCC
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus (anatum) G4T4/S3S4 LC ESA: Delisted; BLM: S; CDFW: FP; USFWS: BCC
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia G4/S3 LC BLM: S; CDFW: SSC; USFWS: BCC
Long-eared Owl Asio otus G5/S3? LC CDFW: SSC
*Vaux’s Swift Chaetura vauxi G5/S2S3 LC CDFW: SSC
Costa’s Hummingbird Calypte costae G5/S4 LC USFWS: BCC
Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus G5/S1S2 LC USFWS: BCC; NABCI: YWL
*Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi G4/S4 NT CDFW: SSC; USFWS: BCC; NABCI: YWL
*Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii G5/S1S2 LC ESA: SE; USFWS: BCC
*Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus G5/S2S3 LC CDFW: SSC
Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus G4/S4 LC CDFW: SSC; USFWS: BCC
Gray Vireo Vireo vicinior G4/S2 LC BLM: S; CDFW: SSC; USFWS: BCC; NABCI: YWL
Black-tailed Gnatcatcher Polioptila melanura G5/S3S4 LC CDFW: WL
Bendire’s Thrasher Toxostoma bendirei G4G5/S3 VU BLM: S; CDFW: SSC; USFWS: BCC; NABCI: RWL
Crissal Thrasher Toxostoma crissale G5/S3 LC BLM: S; CDFW: SSC
Le Conte’s Thrasher Toxostoma lecontei G4/S3 LC BLM: S; CDFW: SSC; USFWS: BCC; NABCI: RWL
Brewer’s Sparrow Spizella breweri G5/S4 LC CDFW: SSC
*Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum G5/S3 LC CDFW: SSC
*Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus G5/S3 LC CDFW: SSC

ESA (Endangered Species Act): FE = Federally Endangered, SE = State Endangered, FT = Federally Threatened, ST = State Threatened; CDFW (California Department Fish & Wildlife): SSC = Species of Special Concern, FP = Fully Protected, WL = Watch List; BLM (Bureau of Land Management): S = Sensitive; USFWS (US Fish & Wildlife Service): BCC = Birds of Conservation Concern; NABCI (North American Bird Conservation Initiative): RWL = Red Watch List, YWL = Yellow Watch List; WBWG (Western Bat Working Group): H = High Priority, M = Medium Priority